Sugar bone is a favorite dog treat, even children know about it. But where do dogs get so addicted to bones? Dog breeders notice that even a well-fed dog, who ate plenty of meat, will not give up the bone, will still chew on it, play. That is, hunger for bones is in no way connected.
Bones contain a lot of calcium, but there are not many organic nutrients in them. Why do dogs need so much calcium, and where does the animal organism use it? Many people ask this question.
Historical roots and genetics
Dogs are predatory animals that began hunting in packs 8 million years ago. Hunting by organized groups, they received large abundant prey, and under these conditions their maxillary apparatus was actively developed. The teeth became larger, and the jaws – more powerful.
Like any other instrument, the dental apparatus requires care, and it also requires training to enhance its qualities. As cats scratch objects to sharpen claws, so dogs gnaw bones, and sometimes sticks, rhizomes of trees to clean and sharpen their teeth, set the jaws with the necessary load, and train them. After all, at home they eat mostly soft, boiled food, and they lack such loads. Gnawing bones, and in their absence of other objects, is a purely instinctive action.
Bones are also prey
In addition, dogs are not only predators, but also scavengers. The canids pick up the remains of other animals, can dine with what remains of the meal of a larger predator. Adjoining the man, the dog is used to eating scraps from its table – this has happened historically. The bones became one of her usual trophies, and the body learned to process them, digesting completely, both boiled and raw. This is another reason for the love of dogs for bones – they are also food, they can be set aside for a supply, for a hungry day, or nibble at once, for pleasure.
The dog’s body perfectly digests the bones, taking from them all the organic matter and nutrients, and directing calcium mainly in the wool. The dog’s coat changes regularly, molts several times a year, and excess calcium is shed along with old wool.
Should I feed a dog with bones?
So, the dog is perfectly adapted to feed the bones, it perfectly digests them. She tends to play with them and crumble them at an instinctive level, because nature requires her to keep the dental apparatus in good shape. But is it worth feeding the dog bones? Can I give them every day? Over these questions often beginner breeders. Giving bones every day, and even more, to form a diet based on them is not worth it. Every dog breeder should know that the dog is first and foremost a predator, it needs meat, and with or without bones it will be provided – this is a secondary issue. Veterinarians indicate that abusing bones can lead to intestinal blockage. In addition, the domestic dog gets predominantly boiled bones, in which practically nothing useful remains. Raw bones are more useful, but here there is a nuance.
Veterinarians caution dog owners about the risk of feeding chicken bones, especially tubular ones. Their fragments can pierce the insides of an animal. However, there were very few such cases, not all of them are proven. Many dog breeders ignore this warning, simply digesting the same bones to a state where they soften, and giving them a dog with cereals and other food.
Large bones of animal origin also contribute to the grinding of the teeth, the dentition of the dog, which constantly gnaws, is experiencing too large loads, the teeth deteriorate rapidly. On this basis, veterinarians also indicate the need for moderate consumption of bones by animals.
In the process of crushing the dog ridges the teeth of the stone, saps them. To some extent they are necessary in any case, although small and medium-sized breeds can be provided with cartilage, dried vein. These products will clean the teeth and satisfy the dog’s need for nibbling.