Can I give bones to a dog?
Many breeders believe that dogs must gnaw bones, because a stereotype has long been formed that cannot be destroyed. In fact, they can cause the death of a dog, and there are many similar examples.
The bones are dangerous to dogs
Despite the fact that the dog’s stomach is adapted to the digestion of bones, the benefits of them are minimal, because they are not of particular nutritional value. Many may disagree, because in nature, dogs bite into bones and live normally, but they live far less than domesticated pets, and crushing bones is one of the reasons for reducing the life span of animals. First of all, the breaking of bones contributes to the destruction of teeth, and here also damage to the enamel, leading to the development of caries, breaking off and grinding off teeth.
If swallowed, large debris can become stuck in the pharynx, blocking the airways and thus causing suffocation. Remove the fragment can only contact the vet.
Not all pets can boast of excellent work of the stomach, especially if there are problems with digestion or simply the pet has a full stomach. As a result, the gastric juice produced does not fully digest the bones, but rather does not soften them, and they, passing through the intestines, can injure it, and as a result there is constipation, diarrhea, in some cases with blood. But the most dangerous thing is if the walls of the intestines are punctured, then the consequences can be dire. A large shard caught in the stomach may not pass into the intestines at all. As a result, the dog begins to vomit, and the shard can only be removed by surgical intervention.
In most cases, the animal can be saved with a timely visit to the veterinarian, but then follows a long-term treatment and diet.
Why a dog can not chicken bones
The tubular bones of the birds are very sharp, getting into the stomach and intestines, they can injure the mucous membranes. Easy to paint into small pieces, chicken bones (especially boiled ones) can get stuck in their teeth, as a result, the pet will experience painful sensations while eating.
Of course, the bird grown on modern poultry farms is distinguished by soft meat and flexible bones, but there is still a risk of damage to the stomach and intestines.
In poultry farms, birds are kept without movement, as a result they suffer from bone inflammation. The infection penetrates the bones, so there is a risk that the dog will suffer from this infection. During heat treatment, microbes die, but after death they turn into toxins, as a result, large quantities of eaten bones can cause toxins poisoning, accompanied by diarrhea, weakness, and vomiting in dogs. Puppies, weakened dogs can even die from poisoning, t. K. A weakened body does not have enough strength to cope with the poisoning.
Can a dog have bones
You can give bones during the change of teeth (up to about 6.5 months) and occasionally adult dogs. Only they must be “correct”, namely, without sharp edges, with cartilage or with meat at both ends, and always raw. It is best to give the dog beef raw bones. When a dog nibbles on cartilage, it is better to select a bone, not allowing it to be completely nibbled.
An alternative are artificial chewing bones from cartilage, skin, tendons, which may well satisfy the pet’s need to nibble something. The assortment of toys is also huge, for example, cords, rubber bones.
Does the dog need bones?
Show bones are contraindicated in dogs, because K. Grinding down of teeth leads to a change in bite, and bite is also evaluated at exhibitions.
The development of the chewing muscles of certain breeds of dogs is influenced to a greater degree by proper physical exertion and heredity, rather than regular crushing of bones.
Bones partly contribute to the removal of tartar, but this is an insignificant plus sign in their favor against the background of other problems that arise as a result of their eating. For the prevention of tartar, there are special treats.
It is not necessary that the eaten bones will harm the health of the pet. There is simply a risk of complications after eating them, as every dog owner should remember. When it comes to the health of your beloved pet, it is better to eliminate the possible risks.
Can I give bones to a dog? We answer in detail!
The majority of dog-theoreticians, the phrase "I feed the bones," causes a true horror and a stream of indignation. For a dog’s diet, the product, frankly, is doubtful, however, the dog contained on the natural diet should receive solid food. So is it possible to give dogs bones? You can, if wisely and carefully.
Important! Bone can be considered as a toy or a temporary leisure for a dog, but not as food!
Bones that can kill a dog
In case you do not read the article to the end, we will start with the most important, with the prohibitions. It is important to understand that improper feeding of the dog will necessarily lead to health problems, it is a matter of time. With bones, the danger is much higher, their fragments can accumulate in the stomach and intestines for years, and it happens that only one bone causes the death of a pet. So, below is a list of bones that should never be given to a dog under any circumstances:
- Tubular chicken bones – the ban applies to both factory and poultry. The tubular bones are in the hips and wings.
- Turkey bones are a rather large bird that is slaughtered as an adult (2–3 years old), that is, when the bones have already grown strong.
- Goose bones – probably the most dangerous type of bones and damage to the health of the dog, can only be compared with duck. Geese and ducks are slaughtered at the age of 12-24 months. By this time, the backbone of the bird is fully formed. Broken bones, especially tubular, have very sharp edges.
- Rabbit bones are small and sharp when broken, especially in the ribs, hind legs and spinal column. If you really want to pamper the dog rabbit, choose meat or stew, which may contain fragments of cartilage.
Important! Boil the porridge, you can on any bones, but after preparing the broth, it must be filtered, eliminating the ingress of small fragments in food. Cartilage taken from boiled tubular bones can be left in the porridge.
Dog with a bone in the teeth – dangerous stereotypes
Dogs love bones, cats milk and fish – these are stereotypes imposed on everyone since childhood. Fairy tales, cartoons, stories lay in our minds unshakable truth. That is why it does not even occur to the adult owner of the tailing friend that the bones can kill a pet or significantly shorten its lifespan. We offer you to debunk the main clichés related to the relevance of the bones in the dog’s diet:
- A pet should receive solid food every day, because this is how wild dogs live – solid food, perhaps, but not bones, but raw vegetables and fruits. For reference: wild and stray animals rarely live to 8 years of age, because they lose their teeth early and begin to experience difficulties with digestion. If you feed a dog with industrial food, feeding “dangerous treats” is not at all appropriate.
- Bones are necessary for a dog to grind its teeth – mammals change milk teeth for indigenous ones. The teeth of dogs do not grow and become dull with age. But the dog does not sharpen the teeth with bones, it grinds them, scratches the enamel and runs the risk of breaking the fangs or incisors!
Note! A healthy dog’s gastric juice has a high acidity index and actually turns the bone into a softer substance for 2-3 hours. In fact, the bone becomes a solid piece similar in structure to rubber. Nothing useful in this "gum" is not, but for 2 hours with a sharp bone in the stomach, trouble can happen.
Feed the dog bones? Get ready for trouble!
You decided to give the dog raw bones in spite of all prohibitions, for example, relying on grandfather’s experience, the Ball of which all his life he ate only chicken bones and lived to be 15 years old. Well, it’s up to you, but we recommend that you read the list of possible consequences:
- Injuries to the pharynx – by swallowing fragments from the bone, the dog can not only scratch the mucous membranes, but also pierce them. In the area of the vocal cords lies a lot of vessels, the damage to which will lead to severe bleeding. Damage to the trachea is also deadly. Usually, if a dog has injured a throat or trachea, it does not have time to take it to the hospital, the animal either dies from blood loss or is choked in it.
- Asphyxia is no less common cause of death of animals. Usually, if the bone gets stuck in the gaps of the chewing teeth, the dog begins to choke on its own saliva. Without timely help, the dog is killed by suffocation. A very popular outcome if the pet is fed by the spines of a large bird.
- Constant vomiting and as a result, dehydration and the threat to life – usually this happens if the dog swallows a large bone and it is stuck in the stomach. The body’s natural reaction is vomiting, but no bone with vomit comes out. The situation is resolved only by operational means.
- The accumulation of bones in the stomach – the case is similar to the above, but involves the blockage of the stomach with small bones and their fragments. Most stray dogs die because of this disease. Impaired metabolism associated with prolonged malnutrition, leads to a decrease in gastric acidity. As a result, the bones do not soften, do not go out into the intestine, but accumulate forming a “ball of needles”. The animal dies from obstruction or bleeding. The state is stopped by the operational way.
- Perforation of the small intestine – occurs if the fragment passed through the pharynx and stomach. The most dangerous injury associated with incompletely digested bones. Perforation leads to severe bleeding and even necrosis. The situation is solved by a complicated operation technique (bowel resection) and long-term rehabilitation.
- Large intestinal blockage – semi-digested bones accumulate in the colon and form a dense stopper. As a result, the dog cannot normally empty the bowels, the process of defecation is accompanied by pain or even bleeding. The blockage of the large intestine is the most common consequence of feeding dogs with bones.
Remember! Bone is a piece of mineral structure, no more. The dog’s intestines are not able to absorb calcium or potassium from the bone, so there is nothing useful in this product for the dog.
Allowable bones for the dog’s diet
Nothing bad will happen if you feed the dog with boiled bones brought to the state of a stew (soft). There is no benefit in this special, and only factory chicken or fish can be used for such a boil. In recipes for homemade canned food for dogs, chicken necks are often taken as a basis. If you decide to stock up on semi-finished products, use only raw by-products. Necks are interrupted in an electric meat grinder until smooth, and vitamins and vegetables are introduced into the mince.
Important! Dogs can not be fed boiled chicken neck and spines of any bird. The bone tissue of the vertebrae, which has undergone heat treatment, becomes fragile and vitreous, that is, it crumbles into many small fragments.
It is permissible to give the dog and beef bones, more precisely, moslaki, large heads of the hip joints. After the pet has eaten up the cartilage tissue and meat, it should be removed, as the dog may dislocate its jaw while trying to gnaw it. As a raw material for broth or toys, it is permissible to feed the caudate with spongy beef and mutton bones. However, you must be sure that the animals were slaughtered at a young age, as the too rigid spongy bones break, forming sharp fragments.
Can dogs be given chicken bones? Detailed description of possible ailments and first aid
There is an incontestable, written at the cost of hundreds of lives, the rule that dogs should not be given chicken bones! However, the bitter experience of owners who have lost their pets, does not affect so many four-legged fans. The loving owner "pampers" the dog, harming the health of the ward and refuses to admit it. The situation is scandalous, but as practice shows, the harm to a beloved pet is caused by ignorance, which, however, does not imply responsibility for what has been done.
The bones of the bird in the dog’s diet are a mortal danger!
Never, under any circumstances, give dogs the tubular bones of chicken and any other bird! If you want to personally verify the danger of such a treat – hit the bone of a chicken leg with a hammer for chops, and then try using your finger how sharp the pieces are. Chicken bones are dangerous for dogs, if your pet is lucky, it will suffer only from intestinal obstruction, but the result can be fatal! Of the possible consequences of eating the bones of the bird, can be identified:
- Oral injuries, chipped teeth, pulpitis – these are minimal negative consequences. The oral mucosa is usually restored within 12–24 hours. Pulpitis leads to severe pain and can result in the loss of both the patient and the nearby growing teeth.
- Injuries to the pharynx and trachea lead to acute pain, and during tissue perforation, to severe bleeding. If the dog is not delivered to the veterinarian in time, injury can lead to death due to asphyxiation or blood loss.
- Perforation of the stomach or intestines – leads to bleeding, with severe perforation – to the outpouring of gastric or fecal masses into the abdominal cavity. Extremely dangerous condition leading to sepsis and death of the animal. The only chance for salvation is an emergency operation.
- Perforation or blockage of the colon – the consequences of blockage of the digestive tract and swelling of the peritoneum, to death from intoxication or heavy bleeding. With the formation of cork in the large intestine, treatment begins with oil enemas. If the condition does not improve, the dog is operated on. At perforation of the intestine, an urgent operation is performed, dead tissue is excised, and healthy ones are sutured.
Important! If you know that the dog ate chicken bones, be sure to monitor its condition, but better, take the pet to the veterinary clinic! The effects of intestinal or stomach perforation may not be immediately apparent.
Bones of birds allowed for inclusion in the dog’s diet
If you get acquainted with the canine aids of the USSR, you can find a recommendation about feeding the dog whole bird carcasses. We will not dispute the experience of experts, but today such recommendations are not relevant for a number of reasons. However, this does not mean that the chicken should not be present in the dog’s diet. Permissible uses for chicken include:
- Cooking broth on chicken carcasses, if the bones are removed before adding cereal and vegetables. By the way, for broth, chicken skin is considered a more negative ingredient, especially if you are buying factory-made poultry.
- Chicken cartilage added to porridge during cooking.
- Raw chicken necks, slaughtered to the state of stuffing.
- All offal of poultry, except for heads and paws.
Important! Even approved poultry products should not be fed to dogs in their natural form. A working dog should not associate the bird with food, otherwise it will spoil the carcass at the time of submission.
The consequences of eating chicken bones by a dog and first aid
So, we found out that you cannot feed a dog with chicken bones, for the sake of its own good. But what if the pet did not ask permission? For example, a dog swallowed a chicken bone found on the street or in a trash can. Naturally, this is a question of education and pet self-control, but its consequences can be very unpleasant.
Important! Particularly dangerous are the boiled tubular and vertebral bones of the bird. When cracking, the heat-treated bones disintegrate into small and sharp fragments, which can be compared to shredded glass.
The first thing to take as an axiom is the relevance of sanity. Even if the dog has eaten chicken bone, it is far from a fact that the pet will have to be rescued. If the ward is young and healthy, the gastric juice will most likely change the bone structure, after which it will come out naturally. Further, for unknown reasons, many owners in a panic make dogs washing their bowels. In fact, when eating bones, the procedure is not only useless, but also dangerous. So, the dog has already experienced and ate the chopped chicken bone and you know about it. Your actions should be as follows:
- Watch your dog’s behavior – lethargy and whining, these are bad signs.
- Feed the ward 1–4 spoons (depending on size) of vegetable or linseed oil. The oil envelops the walls of the stomach and intestines, which contributes to the rapid removal of fecal masses and simplify the transport of bone through the digestive tract.
Important! The only case in which conservative care is relevant is the blockage of the large intestine with a stopper of compressed bones. Most often, this problem can be solved by introducing oil into the intestine. However, do not be arrogant, this diagnosis is not made "by eye".
- Inspect the mucous membranes of the mouth – normally, they should be pink or dark, but not gray or bluish. Pale mucous membranes may indicate poisoning (if the dog picked up a bone in the street) or blood loss.
- Examine the mucous membranes of the eyes and pupils – with pain, the pupils of the dog become narrower and react poorly to blackout in the room (slowly or not fully expand).
- If you see that the dog hurts, it is permissible to prick 1/2 dose of an antispasmodic (for example, No-Shpy), but after the pet you still need to be examined by a veterinarian. The whole dose does not prick, because if the bowel perforation already takes place, the peritoneum comes in a tone to reduce bleeding.
- Feel the dog – trembling and constant peritoneal tone, these are disturbing symptoms.
- Look at the dog’s peritoneum – a bloated belly indicates a clump of gas. In this case, fetid belching may occur. Without delay, go to the doctor, you have at your disposal hours, or even minutes.
- Measure your pet’s body temperature – a drop in temperature indicates blood loss.
- Inspect the anus – normally, the sphincter should be clean, dry, without scratches or cracks. Excretion of mucus or blood indicates a bowel injury. If the sphincter looks convex, and you have repeatedly given the dog bone, it is necessary to eliminate the blockage of the large intestine.
- If the dog has vomiting, do not give antiemetic drugs, but go to a doctor right away. Most likely, you are dealing with poisoning, eating too large bones or blockage of the intestines.
Note! One of the signs of intestinal or stomach perforation is blood in the feces. A symptom may indicate another ailment – a violation of the integrity of the intestinal mucosa without a rupture of the intestine. Both diseases are dangerous for the dog, noticing blotches of blood in the stools, be sure to contact the vet, and the visit should not be postponed!
Can dogs have bones?
Dog bones are an eternal topic for debate. Some consider them a universal delicacy, the rest – a forbidden product, which has no place in the pet’s bowl. And those and others are ready to hoarse to defend their point of view. This article is intended to dispel the myths created by those who argue that the dog is primarily a predator, and to answer the question: do you feed the pet with mosles or not?
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What if the pet, we think, does not have enough solid food in the diet? Most of the owners rely on bones – beef, chicken, pork and others. After all, this is a truly universal way and take the dog for a long time, watching as she fiddles with prey with a growl, and pamper her with what is left directly from the carcass. However, throwing such a dubious “toy” to our pets, we forget about the dangers that this product conceals in itself – even in its natural form, even if it is boiled.
What bones can be given to dogs and whether it is possible: we understand everything in order
The owner wants to feed and to please, and the animal gets serious health problems. What is it? This is a scenario that you bring to life, presenting to your pets what they cannot eat. Many dog lovers forget that the unprocessed fragments, which fell into the stomach, and then into the intestines, can damage the organs of the gastrointestinal tract of the dog and lead to big problems – up to a complex operation.
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One of the most dangerous for the animal are tubular chicken bones – which is why the question of whether they can be given to dogs should be answered in the negative. Below we will explain in detail why this prohibition is categorical.
Death at the end of the needle and other hazards
The first and most important cause for concern is the bone formation of a rabbit, turkey, goose, chicken or any other bird that breaks easily under the teeth of the animal and crumbles into small plates – thin and sharp as a needle. Getting into the body of a pet, such a treat can seriously injure the mucous membrane, cause perforation of the stomach or intestines. In the latter case, the dog can be saved from death only by a timely performed surgery – resection, which involves the removal of a significant part of the damaged organ.
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So with bones, jokes are bad — especially tubular. Undesirable consequences, possible after feeding the dogs, are:
- Doggie poisoning pathogenic microorganisms and bacteria that accumulate in dubious delicacy.
- Violation of the integrity of the tooth enamel or damage to the oral cavity.
- Digestive problems – indigestion and constipation.
- Excessive vomiting caused by bone stuck in the stomach.
- Asphyxiation due to ingestion of non-fermented plates in the pharynx.
As you can see, danger at every turn. Isn’t it easier to absolutely refuse such a product in the diet and replace it with something absolutely useful and safe – for example, the same broth, which retains all the useful nutrients of the plant?
However, if a ban is imposed on parts of the skeleton of birds, why not prefer to them what keeps the meat of mammals – for example, pork or beef? It turns out that there are some nuances here.
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Is it possible to give dogs boiled pig bones?
Alas, this is also not worth doing. Let’s start with the fact that they are not suitable for food either – due to the high risk of helminthic invasion. Yes, and boiled such delicacies can not be given – too fat. Do not forget that this type of meat – one of the most high-calorie. Such food is digested and absorbed with difficulty – both by man and his pets.
So in this case we meet the ban. By the way, it concerns any bones subjected to heat treatment. Do you think this is a whim? However, the facts remain the facts: boiled bones for dogs in the stomach of an animal turn into a dense rammed mass – a kind of cork, which does not allow to empty the intestines. Consequences – severe constipation, which only sometimes can be eliminated with an enema. In all other cases, only surgical intervention helps: the doctor has to cut the intestines and remove what has accumulated in it. And after the animal is waiting for a long rehabilitation – shots, droppers …
In many films, the dog does not hesitate to gnaw the bone, and the man kindly throws a new one at her. However, what we see on the screen and how things are in life are different things. So much so that a thoughtless act can lead to the death of a pet. And this does not want any loving owner.
So, we figured out why dogs shouldn’t eat chicken and tubular bones, but the beef was avoided and they didn’t say if they could be given for promotion. We answer this question below.
What is natural is useful: does this rule always work?
If you are in the firm belief that this article will be written only about what the dog cannot be, you are mistaken – there is an exception. They are ribs – always raw.
Immediately make a reservation, dogs can not all cow bones, but only some:
- Femoral – allowed to give the pet to chew meat with scrub. And he is pleased, and it is easy for you to keep track of your pet so that he does not allow himself too much – for example, he began to crack something that will harm him.
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- The ribs in the cartilage stage are eaten whole without any problems. But in solid form they are contraindicated – the puppy can gnaw them, but as soon as he finishes collecting the leftovers and takes up the bone directly, take it away and give him another treat.
If you want to amuse an adult dog with something new and unusual for her, give her calf ribs – exclusively cartilage. The rest, when cracked, will lead to a picture we already know – the formation of fragments and possible perforation of internal organs.
Thus, when selecting products for the diet of both a small puppy and an already grown individual, it is important to take into account many points, and the most important of them is density.
Can I give the dog boiled beef or lamb bones? No, having accumulated in the animal’s stomach, they, like others – chicken, pork, rabbit – can lead to indigestion and constipation.
Once again we will repeat several rules that must be remembered by all owners:
- It is forbidden to give the pet parts of the skeleton that have undergone heat treatment. If you still decide to give a puppy or an adult dog a bone, hoping that when boiled it is soft enough, be prepared for problems with the stomach and bowel movement.
- It is allowed to give the dog a raw beef musli, but only so that it gnaws off their meat. After a kind of "toy" is taken away.
- Can I give the dog what is left of the turkey, or feed it with chicken bones and what will happen if it is done? Nothing good, since the breakaway sharp plates will hurt the internal organs of the pet. This can lead to serious surgical intervention and the death of a pet.
- An animal can eat beef ribs if they are not yet firm enough – in other words, if they are cartilage.
- Never feed a dog with leftover food from the table – such savings shorten its life.
What bones cannot and which can be given to dogs?
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Once again, remember what was on the black list, and what may well be in the pet’s bowl.
- Prohibited all boiled and raw bones (tubular, beef, pork, lamb, etc.).
- Cow and calf mosly (for meat grabbing) and ribs are allowed at the stage when they are a cartilage – they can be eaten whole.
If you want to please your four-legged friend, you can give him a dried scar or similarly dried trachea. Such delicacies like dogs, although they cause disgust in many owners.
How often can a dog be given bones?
As a raw material for broth, they are allowed to use all the time, but for the good of your pet, try to forget about the habit of throwing up something that is firmer. Such handouts can lead to jaw sprain, broken teeth, damaged gums and enamel. And these are only the most innocuous consequences that can be an unpleasant surprise for the animal and its owner.
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What bones to give the dog for oral hygiene: universal toothpicks
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Surely every owner at least once saw them – from rawhide or on a starch basis, they were designed specifically for our younger brothers who want to grind their teeth. This is an ideal solution for both a pet and its owner absolutely safe – it does not injure the gums, stomach and intestines, does not damage the enamel.
- It helps to keep your pet’s teeth strong and clean – some samples remove even a persistent plaque, preventing its re-formation.
- It becomes an excellent remedy for boredom – such a toy will entice your pet at any time of the day or night. Such a concentration on one thing will be useful for older dogs that have lost their former activity – they can occupy themselves with a bone while you are not at home.
- Perfectly stimulates the growth of teeth – this is especially important for small puppies who constantly pounce on your shoes to chew them, thereby trying to suppress the discomfort being experienced.
You just have to choose a good bone (the seller will offer you different models – according to the degree of rigidity, size, material) and bring it to your pet. For those who want to gnaw a new toy, a useful gift from pressed leather is needed for a long time – it is more dense and hard. Experiment with different tastes, textures and shapes (for example, chopsticks or chips), and soon you will realize that your favorite pet.
At what age can dogs be given such harmless bones? It’s never too late to start – such a toy will be perceived with delight both in puppyhood and in maturity. She is unlikely to bore your pet, and even if he suddenly loses interest in her, you can find something new. Remember: you can easily find the right size yourself or with the help of a consultant. Big dogs will need impressive models, although many healthy people are not indifferent to small rawhide sticks.
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