A dog is an animal belonging to predators, and requires an appropriate diet, with a predominance of animal products. Wild relatives of dogs (wolves, jackals), killing prey, eat it without a trace, along with bones, skin and entrails. All parts of the carcass are useful for a quad predator.
Give or not
Some dog breeders, especially if they feed a pet with dry food, are wary of letting it nibble at the bones. This is not entirely true.
A dog, even the smallest breed, is recommended to give the jaws a certain load.
Of course, a tiny toy should not be given a huge beef motor-dog, but it is useful to pamper the soft ribs of a lamb or a goat.
Large and young dogs with strong teeth, give large bones, watching for the absence of sharp chips.
Basically, the dog gnaws a bone for fun and entertainment, nibbling from it the veins and cartilage. Only a hungry dog is interested in “bare” bones.
The benefits of bones
In addition to training the jaws and gum massage, the dog’s body receives a certain amount from the bones:
It is very useful to make strong jellied pups from bones and tails. Gelatin-rich food has a beneficial effect on the growth and strengthening of the young dog’s ligaments. Useful diet with brawn for animals that have suffered fractures.
Veterinarians and zoopsychologists note the positive effect of the process of cracking mosolka on a pet. The animal, making monotonous movements jaws, calms down.
Giving sugar bones is recommended to pets with an unstable psyche and a tendency to chew on furniture in the house.
Young individuals, while changing teeth, having the ability to nibble a bone, do not spoil the furniture and clothing of the owners.
Reasonable giving spongy bones and cartilage helps the dog to get rid of tartar. Especially useful giving bones, if the pet refuses to eat fresh, hard fruits and vegetables (apples, carrots), which are designed to cope with brushing teeth from plaque.
Preference should be given to raw bones. During the cooking process, the bone tissue becomes brittle, can break, with the formation of fragments. Sharp parts, getting into the stomach and intestines, injure him. The animal may start bleeding.
- Large parts of the joints, mosles with remnants of the articular sac and tendons are selected. The pet gladly gnaws all the soft parts, having fun and benefits. The remains of the bare bone of the dog is taken away.
- Give the dog to chew on the blade of a young animal. It is rather soft, the dog cracks it completely.
- The ribs, with the remnants of cartilage in the intercostal space, are a valuable product for a dog. The animal gnaws meat and cartilage, often eating the soft tips of the ribs.
- The tail and head of a cow are often used in feeding large dogs. In the tail there is quite a lot of meat, the bones have the appearance of cartilage and easily crumble by dogs. The head of a cow or calf is cut into 2-4 parts and fed to young large dogs.
- The heads and legs of a bird (chicken, duck, goose) are suitable for dog food. Animals eat this product without residue. Bird necks are not recommended for four-legged pets, in order to avoid sticking of parts of the vertebrae between the teeth.
- You can safely give chicken or duck sternum (keel). Flat soft bone tissue will not harm the dog.
- Useful recognized such parts of the carcass, which are attributed to offal: ears, tails, hooves.
As a rule, dogs are fed meat and offal with the bones of ruminants (cows, sheep, goats) and horses, birds. The general rule of choice of bones for feeding a pet: a spongy structure, the presence of leftover meat, tendons, small size.
Pork is practically not used in dog nutrition. It is too fat and a parasite that causes the disease, trichinosis, can be present in pig meat. Protect yourself and the dog can be heat treated meat.
Boiled pig ears, claws, given to a dog not often, will be useful. Some fat in the dog’s diet in the winter, if it is kept outside, is helpful.
Do not give a dog bones:
- Tubular structure;
- Boiled for a long time;
- Consisting of small components (bird’s neck, spine);
- Too large, completely free of meat;
- Fish bones;
- Bone stuffing.
Almost never feed four-legged friends small and tubular bones of chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, quails, rabbits, nutria.
When eating a dog hollow inside the bone, the animal’s teeth crush it into many small and sharp parts, which can sink into the walls of the stomach and intestines. This is the answer to a frequently asked question – why shouldn’t chicken bones be given to dogs? Damaged intestines bleed, in severe cases, internal inflammation may begin.
Boiled bones lose the main share of nutrients (they go into broth) and become fragile. The harm from them is the same as in the case of tubular bones.
Too large mosly force the dog to strain the muscles of the jaw too much, in an attempt to get a little delicacy. Frequent cases of dislocation of the jaw in small dogs, which were given a large mosul.
Actively trying to crack Mosal, the pet wipes the enamel coating from the teeth, and can even break a tooth. Through the damaged tooth enamel food particles penetrate into the tooth, caries begins.
The spine and chicken necks can crack dogs without a trace, but fragments of the vertebrae can get stuck in the space between the teeth. They interfere with the dog eat, damage the gums. Sometimes, to extract a piece of bone, you have to consult a doctor.
The ingress of thin and sharp bones with fish meat, and especially the fish ridge, can cause damage to the mucous membrane of the internal organs. Thin bones can stick into the tissue of the throat or esophagus. The ridge can get stuck in the tube of the esophagus or intestines across, it can only be pulled out surgically.
Bone stuffing is a cheap product, waste after the manufacture of sausages and other semi-finished products, which are sold for feeding animals. For dogs, this food is useless, as bone particles pass through the stomach through the stomach. Sometimes they accumulate in one of the intestinal sections, causing constipation in an animal. In severe cases, intestinal obstruction requires surgery.
Giving a forbidden bone dog can result in:
- To constipation;
- Internal inflammations of the stomach and intestines;
- Erasing tooth enamel and breaking teeth;
The owner of the dog needs to monitor the state of health of the dog and not to get involved in feeding the dog with bones.
Bones and mosles are not forage at all, they cannot replace meat and offal! They are included in the diet in addition to the main meal. Usually, it is 1-2 bones per day.
For constipation caused by the accumulation of bone fragments in the intestines, it is necessary to give the pet a spoon or two (depending on the size of the dog) sunflower oil and put a petroleum jelly candle in the anus. If after a day the measures did not lead to the restoration of normal stool, it is necessary to contact the veterinary clinic.
Older dogs are not given bones to preserve the integrity of not young teeth. As a delicacy, it is recommended to give small lengths of tendons and ligaments.
Puppies, starting at 2 months of age, are given soft ribs with connective tissue from young goats or lambs. Those who have not had time to ossify cartilage will not damage the teeth of babies.
Doctors recommend weekly inspect the mouth of the dog for damage to the gums and tooth enamel. At the first signs of bleeding, visible cracks on the teeth, giving a hard feed stop.
Giving your pet bones or not, decides the owner of the dog. Careless attitude to the selection of the dog’s diet can cost him not only health, but also life. But you should not “reinsure yourself” and deprive a four-legged friend of a natural canine delicacy. A healthy dog with strong teeth will benefit from this treat.