So, our goal is to teach the dog to react calmly and stay muzzled. To do this, the muzzle should be associated with the dog only with positive or neutral things. Do not put a muzzle on an unaccustomed dog during unpleasant procedures, do not use it even when you want to punish the dog. The muzzle must be something absolutely not scary. It is also very important to choose a muzzle in which the dog will be comfortable. He should not crush, rub, squeeze face. In addition, there are different types of muzzles for different situations: plastic ones are light but not durable (suitable for non-aggressive dogs), iron ones are durable, but not suitable for frosts and can cause bruises in owners, nylon ones are often rubbed, closed leathers prevent normal cooling dogs do not fit in hot weather and for training. In any case, having taught a dog to one type of muzzles, you will not have problems if the need arises to use another type.
Stage 1. Give the dog a sniff of a muzzle, let it look at it and make sure there is no threat. Do not let the dog play with him, chew, beat his paw. Wait until the dog turns away from the muzzle and give a treat. Go to the next step.
Step 2. Slide the treat into a muzzle so that the dog has to completely thrust the muzzle into the equipment to pick up the promotion. Do not put a muzzle on the dog, let it free itself from it! The dog should not see a threat in the muzzle: "If I stick my face into this something, then it will put on me and will not let go!"
At this stage, the dog freely sticks and removes the muzzle from the muzzle, getting a treat through the muzzle holes only when the muzzle is in the equipment. At some point, the dog will try to get a treat in other ways: it will go around the muzzle and try to get a treat, without sticking its face inside. Thus, the dog checks for what actions it can get a treat, and for what not. Stick to the plan – a delicacy gets one whose muzzle muzzle. Do this exercise until the dog begins to leave the muzzle in the muzzle for a second or two in anticipation of the next delicacy.
Stage 3. When the dog begins to hold the muzzle in a muzzle, it is important to encourage these actions with praise and delicacy. Do not put a muzzle on the dog, let the dog itself pushes the muzzle into it and if it stays in the muzzle for longer than a second, then give it the following delicacy at various intervals while the muzzle is muzzled.
When the dog will remain calm in the muzzle for 5-7 seconds, you need to fasten the muzzle on the dog, quickly give a treat, and immediately unbutton it again. So you need to do this several times, until the dog learns to ignore the click of the buttoned muzzle. After that, you need to increase the time the dog stays in a buttoned muzzle, occasionally giving a treat for a quiet stay in the ammunition.
Step 4. At this final stage, you put a muzzle on the dog, check again that he was sitting well (did not press, did not rub, did not rub) and that it was difficult for the dog to take it off (for this you can pass the muzzle strap through the collar) and exit with a dog for a walk. Most dogs at this stage begin to actively remove their muzzle. It is very important not to let the dog do it! Distract your pet, calling to go further (“go, go, go faster!”), Go to places unfamiliar to the dog, to places where there are many different stimuli and distracting factors. If the dog is calm and does not try to remove the muzzle – be sure to praise! You can also sometimes give a treat for the right behavior. Wait until the dog is distracted and busy with some important business (smell, branch, toy, other dogs) and only in such a situation, remove the muzzle! Never remove the muzzle at the moment or immediately after the dog tried to remove it yourself! Teach your pet to the fact that the muzzle is removed only if the dog does not pay any attention to him.
Devote several walks to teach a dog to a muzzle, each time increasing the time spent in the ammunition.
And remember, if it is necessary to put on a muzzle before unpleasant procedures, it is better to put it on beforehand. It is very important that in the future the dog does not have an association: “Soooo, they put a muzzle on me, it means something very bad will happen now!”. After the procedures, give a few simple commands and reward the pet for their correct execution (without removing the muzzle). On the same day, you can put a muzzle on the dog a couple of times and, if all is well, reward the pet by teaching him that the muzzle is put on not only in front of unpleasant things, but also in front of something good.
You will be proud of yourself and your dog more than once. When other dogs frantically roll on the floor, tearing their cheeks to blood, their owners will look with admiration and envy at your imperturbable four-legged friend, admire his calmness and patience! You will know that this is first and foremost your merit.