Before the pet appears in the home, the future owner should responsibly examine how and what to feed the Chihuahua so that the miniature dog grows healthy and energetic. Lure of purebred pets consists of properly selected products, eliminates junk food and takes into account age. About this in order.
In the first year of growth, the number of feedings decreases monthly, with daily volume increasing. The frequency of eating for a chihuahua depending on the age is as follows:
- Up to 2 months – 6 times a day;
- 2–4 months – 5 times a day;
- 4–6 months – 4 times a day;
- 6–12 months – 3 times a day;
- From 12 months. – 2 times a day.
Dishes are served only at room temperature. In addition, the dog must have free access to clean water, which must be changed up to 5 times a day.
It is important to remember that it is prohibited to mix or alternate 2 types, and the transition is made gradually. Otherwise, there is a risk to worsen the physical condition of the dog.
Ready dry food
In order for the dog to grow up fast and develop well, they buy super premium food that is the most natural, or premium, where the meat is inferior in concentration.
The lack of dry food – the high cost, but the health of the pet – not a reason to save. In addition, due to the compact size, the chihuahua eats little, so the 1st pack is enough for a long time.
Ready food has the advantages of:
- It does not take time and effort to create a menu and prepare a meal, which is practical for busy owners.
- In the finished feed already includes the required number of nutrients, so do not have to buy vitamin and mineral food
- Dry food is easy to store and transport when traveling.
Prikorm premium and super premium class produced by such brands: Royal Canin, Brit, Acana, Hills, Go Natural, Purina, Monge, Orijen, Bosch, Duke’s Farm. When buying a particular package you need to read the recommendations for use, which are indicated on it.
It is not necessary to give pet food economy class, such as: Pedigree, Chappi, Darling. Due to the democratic price, the composition does not include meat, as such, but only a small amount of by-products and a range of harmful additives. At best, food will not do any good.
Choosing food for Chihuahuas should be in accordance with age: for puppies or adult dogs.
In the case of intolerance to any ingredients – before buying it is better to consult with a veterinarian who will advise a suitable hypoallergenic series.
- When you change the feed, the dog needs supervision during the 1st week. If the new diet does not cause negative changes in behavior, it is worth stopping at it.
Natural food is absorbed much easier than ready. If the owner prefers combination homemade food, it’s time to take care of how to feed a Chihuahua puppy, and soon an adult pet, so that it gets useful vitamins and minerals.
"Live" diet should be varied:
30–50% of the daily norm is meat: veal or beef, chicken, turkey, rabbit, lamb or horse meat. Periodically, the protein component is replaced by by-products: kidneys, liver or heart.
The meat is given finely chopped into pieces or in the form of minced meat, pre-boiled for 5 minutes.
The fish is boiled and cut, removed the bones, then crushed into pieces or milled give 1 or 2 times a week instead of meat.
- 25–35% of the animal’s ration is cereals: barley, wheat, rice, rolled oats or buckwheat, from which porridge is prepared in water, vegetable or meat broth.
- 20–30% – fermented milk products: kefir, cottage cheese, yogurt or ryazhenka.
15–20% of dog food consists of vegetables, such as: carrot, different varieties of cabbage, pumpkin, beets, zucchini, onions. Vegetables are thoroughly washed, boiled or stewed and given independently or mixed in porridges, and also rubbed fresh for salad with vegetable or olive oil and greens.
Once a week, put in a meal, boiled yolk of an egg or whole as a baked omelet.
- Hard cheese is a unique delicacy, so you can rub it and sprinkle the prepared dish.
- From fruit, the dog’s body perfectly assimilates the ground apple and banana, mashed with a fork.
Sometimes puppies are pampered with croutons, crushed carrots or cartilage, which develops the jaw muscles, and for adult animals up to 5 years old, it is advisable to treat them daily to the bone, but not to the tubular or bird’s.
Before you teach a dog to natural food, the owner must adequately assess the availability of time that he has available for feeding. If you think about the menu and prepare dishes is not possible – you should not take it.
Prikormka monthly puppies
Up to one month, babies eat only mother’s milk. On the 33rd day comes the time of bait.
To do this, use low-fat cottage cheese and scraped beef meat, which is rolled into balls the size of a small pea and pushed into the puppy’s mouth a few things with a total weight of 20 g, daily increasing the size and quantity. In addition, in 1 month, crumbs are given goat’s milk, similar to maternal, or skimmed cow’s milk.
One and a half month old pesik, it is allowed to feed little by little with boiled vegetable puree, cereals and minced meat. At this time they are taught to eat dairy products.
The diet of dogs from 2 months to adulthood
Buyers pick up a puppy at 2 months, for which he no longer needs to be fed – he does it himself 6 times a day. At this age, fresh liver is introduced into the nutrition of puppies of Chihuahua.
The new owner should check with the breeder for a detailed list of products that spoiled the crumb, and first stick to the same list.
It is necessary to transfer to another menu step by step in order not to harm the stomach.
At 3 months, the puppy begins to change teeth, which lasts up to six months, so it’s time to replenish the diet with cartilage and soft calf bones. During this period, he may lose his appetite, but food 5 times a day remains recommended.
- Milk is recommended to give only up to four months of age. At 5 months, chihuahuas should already be fed with a complete set of adult animals.
Meal in 1 year is reduced to the 2nd time per day. Between this, it is allowed with the aim of encouraging to give the dog a bone, pig’s ear, or a fruit snack. Old men are allowed to eat 3 times a day. On average, a mature pet consumes 100–160 g of food per day.
Additional vitamins and minerals
If the dog eats canned food – additional additives are not needed. An overdose of vitamins also causes adverse complications for the dog’s body.
A caring owner should know not only how to feed properly, but also what meal is not acceptable for a dog.
It is not necessary to give animals such food as:
- Bad food and dry food of dubious quality
- Spicy, salty and pickled dishes
- Pork, sausage, sausages and canned food
- Hard, Tubular and Avian Bones
- Thermally untreated fish
- Fried, fatty and smoked food
- Candy, Cookies and Marshmallows
- Nuts, Peas and Beans
As if the dog was not wagging its tail and begging for a tasty morsel from the master’s table – you cannot feed the dog with food that is familiar to people. What is tasty for a person is that it threatens the digestive tract diseases for a chihuahua.
Taking into account the recommendations of how to feed the smallest breed of doggie in the world, the pet will grow if not large, but healthy and cheerful, and looking at our smaller brothers – the owners will be in a good mood.