Beginner dog owners and experienced dog breeders containing kennels wonder if it is possible to give bones to puppies, teenagers, and adult dogs. We will understand in what form they are safe for a pet and how often can they be offered to pets?
Experienced owners and breeders are unanimous and argue that dogs can and should be given raw bones. Our pets are descended from wolves. They are only 0.02% different in genotype from their older brothers. When wolves pack their prey, for example, a deer, the leader and his female are first saturated, and then other members of the pack come up. With pleasure, predators eat meat and entrails, and finally gnaw bones, bury. Having populated the day, the pack knows that there may not be a large prey for a week.
If you want to treat your pet with bones, remember that you need to give them raw. When cooking, they become brittle and at great risk to scratch the stomach or esophagus. In addition, useful substances are digested from the bones, they remain in the broth. You can cook it on the bones, and throw away the boiled bones.
The pet will not be damaged by soft bones. They become such when they are extinguished for a long time. For example, in small fish or chickens, etc., but there is little benefit from them. It is better to buy an electric meat grinder, scroll through her neck and add them to cereal with vegetables and vitamins.
Give the dog flat beef bones and the more meat there is, the better. Moslaki or hip bones after the pet gnaws the remnants of meat and cartilage layer, take away. Boil the broth on them, and throw away the bones. If you leave the pups of moscalls, he can nibble them so diligently that the jaw will dislocate. It is better to let him gnaw and take away.
Babies can be given lamb or beef spongy bones. Here it is important that it be a calf, a lamb. Then the bones are not too hard. Otherwise, when they break, they have hard edges and can injure the esophagus or stomach.
Consider the arguments why raw bones are useful to our pets:
- The ancestors of dogs are wolves and they, like our pets, get a lot of calcium and phosphorus from their bones, and other useful trace elements from meat remains;
- Chewing bones develops jaw muscles, gives pleasure to our pets and stimulates their brain activity;
- If the dog constantly eats raw bones, it will strengthen the walls of its stomach. Most often, large breeds that eat dry food suffer from volvulus;
- It is very important that when a pet fulfills a need, exiting, after consuming the bones, the fecal masses cleanse the anal glands. So, save the dog from the intoxication of the body. Otherwise, you will have to travel with your pet to the doctor so that he squeezes this secret from the glands.
In dogs, the acidity in the stomach is higher than in humans, because their stomachs are adapted for digesting raw bones. Best of all, give the bones whole, slicing the joints, do not split them.
Breeders do not recommend giving large oils to dogs. They are too strong and the dog can dislocate the jaw, scratch the enamel and even break some tooth.
Unfortunately, bone fragments can accumulate in the pet’s stomachs or intestines for years. It happens that they are knocked together in a bowl that prevents other foods from being digested. You will not understand why, but one day a pet may die from a small tubular bone that will pierce his stomach. Bleeding will begin and if you do not immediately take the dog to the doctor, you do not have an operation, he will die.
Remember which bones your pet categorically can not:
- Chicken tubular. This applies to both poultry and chickens grown in poultry farms. Particularly dangerous tubular bones, which are located in the hips with wings.
- Turkey bones. This is a large bird and it is slaughtered from 2 to 3 years. This means that the bones will be hard and able to injure the stomach and esophagus.
- Goose like ducks are very harmful. These birds are slaughtered from 1 to 2 years. Bone tissue at this age is fully formed. Tubular edges are particularly sharp when they are broken.
- Rabbit bones are small and sharp. They should not be given raw. You can cook stew. In it, small bones with cartilages will crush and become safe for the pet.
Cook porridge on any bones, except pork (you can not give pork). Throw away the bones, leave the cartilage.
Important! Pets should not be given boiled necks or spines from any of the birds. They are fragile and break up into many sharp fragments that can injure the esophagus with the pet’s stomach.
What else can be the consequences after the dog uses the bones? Consider frequent injuries:
- If the dog swallows a sharp tubular bone, it can scratch the mucous membranes and even pierce the throat. Severe bleeding will open.
- If, when swallowing a bone, it hurts the trachea, it can be fatal for the dog. There were cases that the owners even immediately took the pet to the veterinarian, but he lost too much blood or choked and died in their arms.
- Asphyxia. If the small bone gets stuck between the teeth, the dog will reflex a lot of saliva. There were cases when pets choked with their own liquid. If you don’t notice what is happening to the dog and don’t pull out the stuck bone, it will die from suffocation. Often, the spine of a turkey, a goose, a duck and a dog die from suffocation.
- Does pet vomit? Urgently take him to the vet. This may be a sign that a rather large piece of bone is stuck in his stomach. Reflex desire to remove it from the stomach, together with vomit, but, unfortunately, it is too large and does not pass. Pet after frequent vomiting dehydrated. Pull the bone can only be operated on pet.
- Bones and fragments can accumulate in the stomach and block it. Many stray dogs die from this. They eat improperly and the acidity of the gastric juice in their stomachs falls. The bones do not dissolve and are not excreted naturally through the intestines. A “lump with needles” clogs the stomach and requires surgery. The dog will die from internal bleeding or obstruction. A veterinarian can open the intestines, get bones with fragments, but then the dog will have a long rehabilitation period.
- It happens that the colon is clogged. This happens when the bones in a semi-digested form accumulate in the colon, forming a kind of cork. When defecating, the dog will feel pain. This may be accompanied by bleeding. Veterinarians say that those dogs, which are often fed any bones, there is such a blockage in the intestine.
Bones have a lot of phosphorus with calcium. They are digested well raw, digested by gastric juice. There are no other nutrients. Cartilage is more useful in its raw form, but they can be given boiled with buckwheat, rice, hercules porridge (other less useful).
If you want to treat your pet with tasty and nutritious bones, then buy those where there is more meat and offer them only raw. You can boil chicken necks twisted in an electric meat grinder or very soft from rabbit or chicken, etc. Stews. Boiled tubular bones dogs absolutely can not.