“He doesn’t bite me” – how often do dog owners justify their unwillingness to put a muzzle on a dog. But no matter how calm the dog is, situations where no muzzle can not do, still arise.
In order not to add problems to yourself and your pet, better still teach the little ones to this accessory – and take a walk on health.
What breeds do you need?
Every owner of the dog at least once in his life faced with the requirement to wear a muzzle on it. The main argument in such cases is “the dog must be in it. " We will understand, and what kind of dog, and, strictly speaking, should it.
A muzzle is worn so that your pet cannot fully open its jaws and bite other people or yourself (this situation is quite possible, for example, at the veterinarian).
By law, any dog must be in a public place in a muzzle or on a leash. The requirement of walking with this accessory does not apply to decorative breeds (below 25 cm at the withers) and puppies.
A muzzle is obligatory when transporting an animal in public transport, as well as if your pet is aggressive.
In addition to national law, there are also rules for each city separately – they specify the need for a muzzle. For example, in Moscow you will be able to walk with a pet on a leash, but in St. Petersburg a dog must be everywhere in a muzzle.
If the dog bites someone, all responsibility falls on the owner, regardless of the breed.
To summarize: the muzzle will definitely come in handy to you, regardless of the size of the dog and its breed, with:
- Riding in public transport and walking in busy places is easier than calming down nervous citizens.
- When going to the vet: even the most obedient dog at the sight of the doctor’s office can show you a perfect grin.
- When training. For example, so you can wean the dog pick up any garbage from the ground.
- If the pet is really aggressive.
So, from time to time it will be necessary to walk in it, and it is better to teach him more puppyhood.
From what age?
By law, walking with a puppy without a muzzle can be up to 3 months. But really it is better to start teaching your baby to this accessory from 5 months or even from half a year – in case you have a large breed. For the rest of the breeds, it is better to wait until 7-8 months.
Until that time, any access to the street for him and so stress, and incomprehensible piece of iron on the face will increase this stress at times. If you miss this time, or get a dog already adult and untrained, do not worry: The learning technique at any age is not very different.
Overcoming fear in a puppy
Remember the main rule: the muzzle should be associated in an animal only with positive (for a start) or at least neutral things. Wearing a muzzle to punish an animal is strictly prohibited!
It is equally important to choose the right, comfortable to wear accessory. He should not rub his face, crush or push. Each of the muzzles has its pros and cons, so it is better to have several – for different situations:
Plastic – easy, convenient for training, has no extraneous smells. But in everyday wear it is not durable.
Iron – very reliable, but categorically not suitable for frost. Can cause bruises in the owner, if a large animal starts to poke your face in the legs.
Nylon – often rubs and generally uncomfortable for the dog. It is difficult to open the mouth, breathe, etc.
Closed or open leather – interferes with the normal cooling of the animal and is not suitable for regular training. If you save money on a leather accessory, the dog can easily catch it. But the muzzles of high-quality leather as reliable as metal.
If you teach a pet to one type of muzzle, then there will be no other problems, you only need to give a couple of days to get used to it.
Teaching a puppy to a muzzle is a gradual matter.
Give the puppy a muzzle as if it were a new toy. Let him look at him, smell, calmly get acquainted with her and understand that she does not carry any threat. Wherein do not allow chewing a muzzle or punching it. Wait until the dog loses interest to the muzzle, then praise him and treat him to a treat.
The dog must be hungry, because it will be necessary to feed him a lot of treats. Show the treat to the dog, then place it in the muzzle so that you can pick it up only by completely sticking the muzzle inside.
It is impossible to fasten a muzzle at this moment, this is a classic mistake! Let the animal understand that it can freely free itself from a strange object, it will not “grab” the dog.
At this stage, the dog must learn to put the muzzle free in the muzzle and take it out. Delicacy is obtained only at the moment when the muzzle is inside. Be prepared for the animal to try to cheat, looking for ways to get a treat around the muzzle.
This is not a manifestation of disobedience.: just the dog tries to understand for what actions they give a treat, and for what – no. Stick to the rule: treats only those whose face is muzzled.
When the dog gets used to shove his face inside, continue to praise him. Do not wear a muzzle on your own. But if the animal lingers in a muzzle longer than a second, give him a treat at regular intervals while it is inside.
If the dog quietly remains in a muzzle for more than 10 seconds, quickly fasten it on it, give it a treat, and immediately unbutton it again. This operation will have to be done several times. – until your pet gets used to the click of the buttoned accessory. Then gradually increase the time that the dog spends in a buttoned muzzle, occasionally treating it with delicious.
Go for a walk
Before you solemnly go outside in a new muzzle, check whether he is sitting well, does not press anywhere – and whether your dog can easily get rid of him in a split second. It is at this stage that the pet will begin an active war with the muzzle, even if up to now it has been calm.
It is very important not to let him do it! To do this, distract the animal, urge to go further: “Let’s go faster!”, Walk in unfamiliar places, where there are a lot of distractions.
If the animal is calm, be sure to praise him! You can also give a treat for good behavior.
Do not immediately strive to spend the whole walk in a muzzle, let’s relax. Wait until the pet is distracted by the smell, another dog, a sprig and quickly remove the muzzle.
Several walks should be carried out in this way, gradually increasing the time spent in the muzzle. At the same time try to get ammunition in the animal pleasant associations, along with the leash and other attributes of the walk. Then, at the sight of a muzzle, your dog will soon jump for joy and try to push his face in there.
Work with an adult pet
The scheme is about the same, but will have to work more. At each stage, let the animal take longer than time — the adults will not get used to the new things as easily as puppies.
If an adult dog has already perfected some skill, give it this command when it tries to remove an unpleasant accessory. Best suited "Near": an adult dog knows what it means – proudly walking next to the owner, not being distracted by cats or some muzzles.
If the case is running, try to use the muzzle as a feeder. In the literal sense, put there daily portions of food and get the animal to push the face there voluntarily. The learning process should be perceived as a game – so it will go more efficiently.
How to shoot it and when?
It is best to remove the muzzle after returning home. Dogs usually do not like this, so the pet will not be too happy to remove the accessory. During the walk you can meet the animal and temporarily save it from the muzzle.
But at the same time it is important that the pet understands that you are the main one here, and you take off the muzzle when you yourself consider it necessary. The main thing – never remove the muzzle at the moment when the animal is trying to remove it yourself!
What if the animal does it on its own?
At the beginning it is an absolutely natural process. If the puppy is just starting to get acquainted with the muzzle, in a stern voice, give him the command "fu!" Whenever the animal begins to attempt to pull the accessory from the muzzle.
A dog taken out for a walk may also try to remove a muzzle, roll on the grass or simply refuse to move. Gently, but inexorably seek their own. In no case can you beat an animal: in this way, you will only increase the number of unpleasant associations associated with the muzzle.
Most likely, this may occur due to common mistakes when teaching:
- Too early passed to a new stage, the previous one has not yet been worked out;
- They removed the muzzle when the dog tried to steal it, thereby encouraging this behavior;
- The muzzle is chosen not to fit or just uncomfortable;
- It was used immediately before unpleasant procedures.
Find the cause and correct it, take some strength and patience.
We recommend to watch the video on how to teach a dog to a muzzle:
If you follow the above tips, the animal will understand that the muzzle is not such an unpleasant thing, but the most common thing for which the beloved master also praises. The accessory will cease to be boycotted and you can safely walk anywhere without fear of conviction and fines!