The safety of people walking with a dog is not the only reason for which a muzzle is needed.
This accessory allows you to protect your own dog from accidentally swallowing food, garbage, which is especially important in cities where poisonous food is thrown around in parks and other places of walking dogs. A muzzle may also be required in stressful situations, for example, when visiting a veterinarian, a zoosalon, when in places where there is a large gathering of people so that no one is hurt by the aggression of the animal.
From what age to teach a puppy to a muzzle
It is better to teach your pet from puppyhood, the process will be faster without unnecessary discomfort for the dog. Puppies of large breeds are taught from 5-6 months, and medium and small breeds from 7-8 months. The disadvantage is that it will be necessary to change the muzzle, t. K. The puppy will grow.
Many adult dogs do not like to wear muzzles, which is associated with unpleasant sensations, because an animal accustomed to freedom feels discomfort from having something put on its face, and this limits its freedom.
An important role is played by a properly chosen accessory. There is a huge variety of types of this accessory, but the most comfortable are deaf leather models with holes.
Training should take place in a familiar place for the animal, in a relaxed atmosphere where nothing will distract the pet.
The animal must be hungry, because the class will need a large number of treats that will be the main motivation for getting used to wearing this accessory.
How to teach a puppy to a muzzle
Puppies are often distracted by the fact that they are interested and curiosity can help in teaching puppies to the muzzle. It is better to conduct training on the street, starting gradually from showing a muzzle to putting it on. At the same time giving treats or stroking a puppy, and then immediately drawing into the game. Excited with curiosity and the desire to explore the territory, playing dogs is easier to relate to this accessory, sometimes without noticing it. The stages of training should be repeated several times, you need to wear a muzzle for a short time – up to 2 minutes is enough, after which you should remove and give food, praise. The time spent in the muzzle must be increased gradually.
Stages of training a dog to a muzzle
It is important to show the pet that the new accessory is safe and is the same attribute of the walking range as the leash, collar. First you just need to show the muzzle to the animal, let it sniff. Keep the accessory in sight of the dog to give a treat, then hide the accessory behind the back. Repeat this stage several times, making it clear that this item is not dangerous and even pleasant, because it is associated with a tasty treat. You can use not only treats, but also favorite games, for example, holding a muzzle in front of an animal’s eyes to throw the ball, then hide behind your back while the animal is distracted, and when the dog returns to hide the ball, wait a few seconds, and then show the muzzle again and throw the ball . So repeat a few times.
The next stage involves contact with the muzzle. For a start, it is enough to put it around your neck and immediately give a treat, then play with your pets for 1-2 minutes, take it off and give it back again. This step should be repeated several times.
In the process of schooling, it is important not to rush things and to start closer contact should be only after numerous repetitions of the first stages. The next stage of habituation is that the dog will push its face into the muzzle at will. To do this, put a treat in a muzzle and let the pet get it. Repeat this step should be several times, not stinging on sweets.
After the previous actions, you need to press the muzzle to your face, hold the strap with your hand behind the ears, while giving a treat. There is no need to fasten the strap. Pushing the food through the holes, the pet should eat it while being muzzled. Then, after 7-10 seconds, the accessory is removed, a break is taken for a few seconds and the stage is repeated again.
Then you can proceed to the next stage of training a dog to a muzzle. Wearing it, not forgetting to give treats, you can already fasten the strap and allow the pet to walk in the accessory for 30-60 seconds, while drawing the animal into the game and giving encouragement.
It is impossible to force a dog to muzzle a dog or as a punishment, otherwise the animal will have negative associations, and each time a pet is seen, the pet will be nervous, afraid or show signs of aggression, for example, growl, bite.
For cloth muzzles that have one large hole at the end, you can train individual breeds differently. To start, you need to put food at the bottom of the cup (so that goodies do not fall to the floor), which should not be too deep and should fit the size of the muzzle. At the next stage, the muzzle is placed in a plastic cup, the feed is placed on the bottom and the dog is allowed to eat it. The stage is repeated several times, after which they proceed to the next one, which is to fasten the strap while the animal is trying to get and eat the treat. At the final stage, after the muzzle is fixed on the head, the cup is removed and the dog is fed from the arm. If the animal resists and is nervous, then, waiting for the pet to calm down, remove the muzzle and return to the previous stages. The animal must perceive the process of schooling as a game.
How to properly muzzle a dog
The correct muzzle to the dog does not cause any particular inconvenience, it does not rub or squeeze the jaws, it does not prevent the opening of the mouth, free breathing. The model should be spacious, such that the nose does not touch the front wall of the muzzle, and its base does not rub the area under the eyes. Webbing should be behind the ears.