How to quickly make a muzzle

If you urgently need to tie the dog’s jaws, and the muzzle is not with you, make a loop of bandage or string, tie the jaws and secure the ends with a knot at the back of the neck.

Plait impose with strong venous and arterial bleeding on the limbs and tail. It should be remembered that the harnesses are dangerous. sometimes they can do more harm than good. If the bundle is improperly applied, the nerve trunks may be over-pulled, which can lead to tissue necrosis and limb paralysis. However, the dog may die from blood loss from a torn vessel on the body. With small venous and capillary bleeding, a blood clot forms and the wound closes. In such cases, use a pressure instead of a tourniquet to stop the bleeding. Use the tourniquet only if the bleeding is very heavy and you cannot stop it by other means. As a rule, it is arterial bleeding, in which the blood is scarlet or bright red.

How to quickly make a muzzle
How to quickly make a muzzle

As a harness, you can use a piece of thin rubber hose, rubber bandage, tie, soft belt, braid, bandage, handkerchief, etc. Remember that the tourniquet should always be placed above the bleeding site. The tension of the tourniquet should be sufficient to stop the bleeding, but not excessively large so as not to cause acute pain.

To properly apply a tourniquet, wrap a piece of rubber or other handy material above the bleeding wound and tie it tightly onto the knot, then insert a pen, pencil or other suitable object under the knot and twist until the bleeding stops.

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After applying the tourniquet, apply a pressure bandage on the wound. In the warm season, the tourniquet is left for 1.5 hours, and in the winter for no more than 1 hour so as not to cause tissue necrosis. If there is a need to hold the harness longer than the specified time, then every 40 minutes it is relaxed for 3-4 minutes, after pressing the bleeding vessel with your fingers.

When large vessels are damaged, before applying the harness and bandages, they are pressed by fingers to the underlying bone.

After applying a harness and dressing, the dog should be drunk with warm, lightly salted water, sweet tea or coffee.

Before dressing, the wound should be disinfected, for which the hair around the wound is cut off, after which the wound surface is treated with a solution of hydrogen peroxide (furatsilina, pink solution of potassium permanganate). The skin around the wound is smeared with 5% iodine or tincture of iodine (green paint, alcohol, vodka or, in extreme cases, eau de cologne), and the wound is powdered with streptocide powder (norsulfazole or Tsamaks powder can also be used). With a strong gaping, the wound is covered with a sterile napkin (a piece of sterile bandage folded several times) and a bandage is applied.

A sterile cloth, gauze, or any clean cloth can be used as a dressing. Try to ensure sterility, to take a napkin (gauze) at the corners with tweezers, and not touch it with your hands. Apply a thin layer of cotton wool over the napkin and carefully handle it, not too tight, but so that the napkin is held. In cases where a dog needs to be tied up, but for one reason or another it’s difficult for you, contact your veterinarian.

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Remember that the dressing does not guarantee that infection will penetrate into the wound. If the wound swells or festers, contact your veterinarian. Be sure to deliver the animal to the veterinarian if an unpleasant odor emanates from the wound.

Pressure bandage is used for capillary and small venous bleeding. In these cases, a wound sterile gauze folded several times (a piece of sterile bandage can be used) moistened with hydrogen peroxide is applied to the wound, a layer of cotton wool is put on top of it, and all this is tightly pinned. On the limbs, a bandage is applied, bandaging from the bottom up, so that each subsequent turn of the bandage will go one third to the previous turn. You can not remove the pressure bandage to 1.5-2 days. A bubble (for example, a rubber hot-water bottle) with ice can be applied over the dressing to reduce bleeding in the injured area.

Tire impose usually with a fracture of the limbs. Restless dog successfully impose a tire is almost impossible. The dog is twitching, trying to throw off the tire, which can lead to further traumatization of a broken limb. To limit the mobility of the dog, pull on her retaining leotard, which can serve as old tights or stockings, wrap the entire body, as well as the damaged part. To this end, cut off the bottom of the pantyhose or stocking and pull the stocking on the dog’s body. Further manipulations in case of fracture of the front and rear extremities are performed as follows:

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1. Overlaying a tire on the front limb

Tying ends “tights” around the body of the dog, cut a hole in the right place and carefully insert the injured leg into it. As a tire, you can use a piece of board (for small dogs. A pencil) or at least a stick. They are tightly pinned by handy material: a tie, handkerchief, belt, rope.

After rendering first aid, bring the dog to the veterinary clinic.

2. Overlaying a rear limb tire

Damage to the hind limb is easily diagnosed. she is “is hanging”. Hematoma formation is possible. The hind limb is immobilized in exactly the same way as the forelimb. Just remember that for fractures of the femur, one splint should be applied from the inside, and the second. from the outer surface of the hind limb.

After rendering first aid, bring the dog to the veterinary clinic.

If the fracture is open and the bone is visible, first apply a sterile napkin to the wound, and only then apply a splint. Do not use any ointments and creams when applying dressings. Remember that the consequence of any injury can be a shock that is very life-threatening.

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