Representatives of the Labrador breed are excellent, sociable dogs that can accompany the owners everywhere, babysit, eat from one table. They are not picky about food and can eat the same as the owners. But is it good for the pets themselves? An animal of this size and exterior needs proper nutrition, saturated with important elements – vitamins, minerals, and the balance of all components must also be observed. The question remains: "How to feed a Labrador?"
Features of feeding Labradors by age
If the acquired puppy is accustomed to dry food, and the owners do not want to change anything, the task is greatly simplified. There are certain brands of food, it remains only to find out the brand familiar to the puppy and get the necessary recommendations.
Before drawing up the diet you need to understand how many times a day to feed a Labrador. Recommendations suggest two meals a day. If the owner prefers feeding Labrador with natural products, then you should heed the advice of knowledgeable and experienced people. And in this case, the breeder will help out, who will provide detailed information about the features of feeding puppies of this breed. Puppies get the stress of being separated from their relatives, as well as changing the situation; you shouldn’t aggravate the situation with upset stomach.
For the normal maintenance of health, the dog needs a dosed amount of protein, lipid and carbohydrate substances, mineral components, and also water. The need for animals is different, it varies according to age, its physiological characteristics, time of year, and climate.
Puppies and dogs bearing offspring need more food, the main component of which should be building material – protein.
In addition, it is impossible to allow an excess of useful substances, since the excess does not always leave the body, deposited in the organs and subcutaneous layers.
What to exclude from the diet Labrador
In order for the pet to be healthy and cheerful, it is necessary to avoid the following when feeding:
- Hot food as well as cold;
- In the dog’s menu should not be smoked, spicy, fatty, sweet and salty dishes;
- It is not necessary to replace the food with bones, as they have low digestibility, in addition, they can provoke constipation, perforation (through damage) of the intestinal walls, volvulus intestines; tubular bones are the most dangerous;
- The following products are also banned – pasta, legumes, potatoes, wheat flour cakes;
- Labradors, as in principle, and other breeds of dogs, you should not know what sausages are – sausages and sausages adversely affect the condition of the liver of the dog, which can lead to the death of the animal;
- You do not need to treat your puppy with sweets, as sweets violate the processes of digestion, destroy tooth enamel, disrupt the function of the lacrimal glands;
- Negatively the state of the stomach and pancreas is affected by the consumption of fatty meats – pork and lamb;
- Labrador food should not be spicy, and you should not add sauces to it.
Owners must take care that the dog’s food is always fresh. Leftovers should not be in a bowl for a long time, they should be placed in a refrigerator or thrown away.
It is necessary to give preference to such methods of cooking products, during which the maximum of useful substances is preserved.
What food is better raw or boiled?
The question of how to feed a Labrador – raw or cooked foods, is very ambiguous. On the one hand, raw foods contain a greater amount of useful elements, but still greater preference is given to cooked food.
Proper heat treatment can destroy pathogens, which are often found in food, as well as helminth eggs. The fiber in the cooking process becomes softer and better absorbed by the digestive system of the animal. If you use gentle methods, such as steaming, you can save vitamins as much as possible.
Meat can be given raw, but pre-freeze it beforehand.
In some cases, veterinarians recommend consuming raw foods, but this is only under certain circumstances and in compliance with expert advice.
Meat in a Labrador’s Diet
The dog is by nature a predatory animal, and the Labrador is also of decent size, requiring large amounts of food for energy. Therefore, the meat in the diet of representatives of this breed should be in the first place.
In the pet Labrador menu, you can include beef, horse meat, chicken, turkey meat, rabbit, and various offal. Ate to talk about raw meat, horse meat is the safest, since it is very rarely affected by brucellosis.
Feeding the dog does not require the most expensive meat, for the animal much wiry pieces – breast, flank and more.
If the pet prefers raw meat, then you can satisfy its taste, but first you need to keep it in the freezer for several days, before serving it can be poured with boiling water. The main thing is that the meat was without fat. You can alternate, a couple of days to give the meat raw, and two or three days in the boiled. Giving a dog needs a product cut into pieces.
As for offal, it is recommended to bring them to a long heat treatment.
Separately, it should be said about the rumen (stomach), which contains large amounts of digestible protein, useful for the dog’s digestive system. It is recommended to give it to the pet raw and without prior cleaning.
Most experts do not recommend including bones in the diet of Labradors; you can supplement the dog’s menu with soft cartilage, but only as an additional delicacy.
Labrador Permitted Products
Among the valid products include the following:
A fish. As a healthy food containing a large amount of animal protein, phosphorus and iodine, the fish must be present in the diet of a Labrador. Because of the bony, it is worth to abandon the river fish in favor of lean sea fish. Perfect pollock, hake, cod and others. A dog can be offered a product only after heat treatment and without bones.
Krupa. Carbohydrates in cereals will give meat more nutritional value. Dogs are recommended to give buckwheat, rice, oatmeal. But the barley, semolina and millet is better to exclude from the menu of the animal. In porridge, you can add crackers made of gray and rye flour, as well as vegetable oil – sunflower, olive, flax.
Milk products. A Labrador puppy can be fed with homemade calcined cottage cheese, adding calcium chloride to the boiling milk. Milk is well suited for puppies, but adult pets can weaken it. Sour milk products are good at any age Labrador – kefir, bifivit, yogurt, sour milk – positively affect the activity of the digestive tract. Cheese is also recommended to give the pet, it can be rubbed into already prepared dishes.
Eggs They will not be redundant in dog nutrition. Raw yolks can be added to dairy foods and cereals. From the same protein will not be good, because the animal’s body does not absorb it. Hard-boiled eggs should be finely chopped and raw eggs should be used as an omelet. If there is enough meat for a dog, then two eggs in seven days will be enough for it.
Vegetables and fruits in the diet Labrador
Among vegetables and fruits, a raw dog is recommended to give carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, and beets. It is most convenient to finely chop or grate before serving, you can season with vegetable oil or sour cream.
Main dishes can be enriched with finely chopped fresh herbs – dill, celery, parsley, lettuce, onions and garlic.
Pumpkin porridge is a great pet dish, besides, pumpkin has a preventive remedy for worms.
If the dog loves fruit – this is great, they can be given in small quantities in any form. The only exception is grapes, it is forbidden to give it to dogs, as it can cause fermentation in the intestines.
The dog needs salt in very small quantities, so food can not be salted at all, or it can be added quite a bit.
As for drinking, his animal needs a lot, especially if the dog’s food consists of dry types of food. It is necessary to provide the pet with constant fresh drinking water. If it meets sanitary standards, then you can give it raw.
Labrador is a sleek dog that has rounded sides and is not an indicator of being fed. Pet must be active and eat well.