Navigation in Windows using the keyboard or how to work without a mouse.
If you learn to work without a mouse in Microsoft Windows, using a keyboard for everyday tasks, you can significantly increase your productivity. In addition, there are situations when the mouse suddenly stops functioning, and you have to work on the computer without it. The sections below contain many useful keyboard shortcuts used to control Windows using the keyboard.
Some of these keyboard shortcuts do not work on Windows 8, 8.1, and 10 or act differently.
Open the start menu.
To open the Start menu or start menu, you need to press the Windows key on the keyboard or press the key combination Ctrl Escl.
In the Start menu, you can use the cursor keys (arrows) on the keyboard to move up, down, left or right within the Start menu. Once you find the program you need, press Enter.
Since Windows 8 does not have a Start menu, pressing the Windows key or CtrlEsc will open the Windows startup screen, or open the desktop.
How to open the program on the desktop.
If the program you want to run has a shortcut on the desktop, you can get to the desktop by pressing Tab ↹ on your keyboard. By pressing the Tab ↹ button, you will be moved between the taskbar and desktop shortcuts. You can determine which area you are currently in by the appearance of the icons and shortcuts. The one that is currently selected will be highlighted. In some cases, you may have to press Tab ↹ several times before getting to the desktop icons. As soon as one of the icons on the desktop is highlighted, you can navigate through the shortcuts using the arrow keys. When you find the shortcut for the program you want to run, press Enter to open this program.
How to Close a window, expand to full screen, minimize to a window or move.
How to close windows.
Press Ctrl, and F4 to close the currently open program or window. You can also press the Alt combination spacebar, thereby invoking the system menu of the program, then, using the down arrow, select the menu item Close and press Enter.
How to minimize the window.
To minimize the window, click Windows and the down arrow (sometimes twice).
How to maximize a window.
To maximize the window, press the Windows key and the up arrow.
How to move a window without using the mouse.
Before moving a window, make sure that it is not expanded to full screen. To move the window, press Alt Spacebar, select the restore menu item, and press Enter. Then again press Alt Spacebar and select move, while the cursor changes (it will be in the form of four multidirectional arrows). Then you can move the window using the arrow keys.
How to switch between tabs using the keyboard or Close tabs.
How to close tabs.
In most programs that support tabs (for example: browsers), pressing Ctrl F4 closes the active tab. How to switch between tabs using the keyboard
To move from left to right between the tabs in the current window, press Ctrl Tab ↹.
To move, press Ctrl Shift Tab ↹ from right to left.
How to navigate between open windows and applications.
To navigate between any open programs on your computer, press and hold the ALT key, then press the Tab ↹ key. A window will appear in which each of the open programs on your computer will be visible. Pressing Tab ↹, while holding down the Alt key, you will navigate through the thumbnails of open programs. When you get to the program you want to switch to, release both keys to make it your active window.
Navigation between areas and buttons on a window.
To move your cursor between area objects in a window (such as a dialog box), you’ll often use Tab ↹, space, arrows, and the Enter key. Most programs use Tab ↹ for this, but if that doesn’t work, try using the arrow keys. If you need to press a button, such as OK or Cancel, press the spacebar or press Enter.
Manage and move a text document.
Below are various methods for managing a text document without using a mouse. Not only does this help users who do not have access to the mouse, they can also save you a lot of time when working with text documents.
- Arrow Keys. Using the cursor keys on the keyboard, you can move up, down, left, or right through the text. Ctrl and Cursor Keys. Pressing the Ctrl key along with the right or left arrows will move the cursor one word left or right in one click. This is much faster than using only the arrow keys. Holding Ctrl and pressing the up and down arrows will allow you to move one paragraph in the document.
- End and Home keys. Pressing the End key will move the cursor to the end of the current line, and pressing the Home key will move you to the beginning.
- Shift key. Shift key allows you to select text. For example, pressing the Shift key and the cursor keys “right” or “left” will lead to the selection of text to the left or right of the current cursor position. If, while holding down the Shift key, press the cursor keys “down” or “up”, then you select one line of text at a time down or up, respectively.
- You can also use Shift in combination with the combinations above. For example, pressing and holding Shift, Ctrl and using arrows will highlight one word at a time. Pressing Shift End will select the text from the current cursor position to the end of the line or document.
Scrolling the window up or down is achieved in the following ways: Move Up and Down using the cursor keys, PageUp and PageDown to move one page up or down.
Right-click on a symbol or other Windows item.
In some situations, it may be necessary to right-click on an image, text, or other Windows item. To do this without a mouse, select a character or move the cursor to the text that you must right-click, then press and hold Shift and F10.
How to close a tab
It would seem that it could be easier than closing a tab in a browser? But sometimes non-standard situations arise, and the computer completely refuses to accept commands.
In a usual situation, to close an unnecessary tab, place the cursor on the cross in the upper right corner and click the left mouse button.
You can close the tab using the keyboard. With the tab expanded, press the "Ctrl" and "w" keys simultaneously. The tab will disappear immediately.
You can right-click on the tab and select "Close Tab" in the menu that opens.
However, sometimes the browser starts to be “naughty” and does not want to execute any commands, including closing tabs. Next, consider the recommendations on the example of "Opera". Try closing the tab with the middle mouse button (if available) or by clicking on the wheel. This option may also come in handy: press “Shift” and click on the tab at that moment. If the tab contains an icon in the form of a lock, then it is blocked from being accidentally closed. You must unlock it first. Right-click on the tab, select “Unlock” or “Unlock tab”. Then it can easily close.
If no action helps close the tab, it may have “hung”. In this case, you will have to restart the browser. If the computer does not respond to your actions, open the Task Manager. To do this, you can simultaneously press "Ctrl" "Delete" "Alt" or click the mouse on an empty place in the gray field at the bottom of the screen (where the "Start" button is located) and select "Task Manager". View your browser status. If “Not responding” is indicated, you must click “Cancel task”.
Now you know how to close a tab, even if it has “frozen”.
How to open a closed tab shortcut. instructions
Not everyone has the knowledge of how to open a closed tab. It often happens that we accidentally close a page in the process.
This happens especially if we open a lot of pages at once, too lazy to close them. The question arises. what to do in this case? Of course, we need to restore closed pages if we need them.
We will describe several ways in which you can save the situation. First you need to determine what operating system you have, in which you work.
Then, using simple and understandable methods, you will learn how to open closed tabs on the machine. Even an inexperienced PC user can master them easily.
If you use the Mac operating system, then you need to use the ShiftCmdT key combination for Google Chrome, Opera, Mozilla Firefox and Yandex Browser. The Safari browser uses the CmdZ combination.
The most common operating system in our time is Windows. If you use Opera, Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox on its basis, then the easiest way to restore a closed tab is to press the ShiftCtrlT keys simultaneously.
Fig. 1. ShiftCmdT buttons on the keyboard
This method also works for Internet Explorer and Yandex Browser. If you use Safari, then this method will not help you, but there is another, you need to use the keyboard shortcut CtrlZ, respectively.
These are not all the ways that can help you save the situation. Another option for opening a recently closed page is by right-clicking on the tab placement area and selecting the "Open closed tab" option. This is one of the most convenient ways, because you do not need to remember another key combination
You can go to the settings and select "Recently Closed Sites"
When you need to restore not one tab, but several, or you want to open a site that you visited a few days, or even weeks ago, you need to open the browser history (in some browsers it is called the "History"). This can be done using the hot keys “Ctrl” “H” or “Ctrl” “Shift” “H”. You can also do this using the settings menu. The access button to the settings, in almost all browsers, is located in the upper right corner, under the button to close the window.
When using Internet Explorer, you must click on the button with an asterisk with a plus sign. After that, a window with three tabs will appear, then select “Journal”. Next, select the time interval of interest to us and look for the desired tab or several tabs. Click on the name of the site or material, the page automatically opens.
Google Chrome opens its visit history on a separate new page, which is very convenient. To do this, click the “settings” icon and select the “history” item in the drop-down box. On the tab that opens, all the sites you open will be placed in chronological order, taking into account the time and date. Also at the top of the page there is a history search bar, which will greatly simplify your work, but this will only help if you remember the name of the closed tab.
Fig. 2. History of visited pages
To open a story in Opera, you need to click on the “Opera” icon, after which a menu will appear. From the list that appears, select the "History" item. Then everything is done by analogy with other browsers. There is also a search box for history.
Fig. 3. Search History in Opera
The home page of Firefox itself offers to restore closed pages. In the lower right corner, the "Restore previous session" button is installed, you just need to click on it. If Firefox is not your home page, then you can go to the "History" menu and select "Restore previous session".
Yandex Browser has an interface element that allows you to list the pages that were closed during the current session. To do this, to open it, you need to proceed as described in this step-by-step instruction:
- Open the web browser functions control panel using the button located to the left of the Minimize and Close buttons.
- In the menu that appears, we find the "History" section.
- In the section "Recently Closed" we see a list of all pages that were closed in the process.
If you did not close the tab, but accidentally or intentionally opened another page on it, just click the "Back" button, this is an arrow pointing to the left, it is located to the left of the address bar in almost all browsers.
Fig. 4. History in Google Chrome
For users who have similar problems regularly, special extensions have been developed. Helping to restore closed tabs and windows. These are programs such as:
- Session Manager for Firefox.
- Session Buddy for Google Chrome.
- TabHamster for Opera.
All of them can be found in the public domain, applications are free.
If you have closed not only one tab, but the entire browser, and you want to restore all your tabs that were open, this can be done very simply. If the failure occurred due to interruptions in the computer or the browser itself, that is, the situation was emergency, the next time you open the browser, you will be prompted to restore the last session. If for some reason this did not happen, it’s enough to open the story, how to do it, has already been told above, and select the Restore last session item.
When working with tabs, you may also need to know the knowledge of other speed dialing keys. With the help of which you can quickly do some operations with windows and tabs. To use the shortcut functions, you need to press Ctrl and the corresponding button (or buttons), namely:
- To open a new window. N.
- To open a new window in stealth mode. Shift N.
- To open a new tab. T.
- To open the file in the browser. O.
- To close the tab used. W.
- To close the window used. Shift W.
- To restore a tab that has just been closed, Shift T.
- To go to the next tab in the window. Tab.
- To go to the previous tab in the window. Shift Tab.
- Open the link in a new tab and go to it. Shift click on the link. "