Evgeniya Mikhailova 07/11/2017
The canine before the start of the four-legged classes offered the owners to complete the phrase, describing the usual action for their dog – “the dog gnaws….”. It turned out that the word "bone" was used by 94% of respondents. In 2% of the tails they gnawed furniture and 4% of the owners saved slippers from teeth. It turned out that almost all owners give bones and are confident that this is good.
According to statistics from veterinary clinics, from 20 to 50% of the treatment of a foreign body in the intestine is caused by the use of bones. The problem is almost always solved surgically. It is possible to save a pet, but not in 100% of cases.
Is it possible to give dogs bones
Genetic selection made it possible to get so different dogs that it is impossible to speak collectively about everyone. What is in the teeth of the Central Asian Shepherd, so can not cope york or chihuahua. Let’s divide dogs on:
The length of the outer part of the canine alabya or German reaches 1.5-2 cm. These teeth should be sharpened. The ideal item for this would be a sturdy toy or a large beef bone. Her dog will not be able to figure out what will save the digestive tract from hitting small sharp fragments.
Giving pig bones to dogs is not recommended because they are easy to gnaw. Mythical helminths that live in pork, and dangerous for dogs, exist only in fairy tales. Pork in the diet of animals is not used because of fat content. But you can cook soup or porridge for a dog on pig bones.
Medium and small dogs
The same beef or calf. Sometimes the size of the gapped joint can be commensurate with the head of the dog. It’s not scary: a four-legged friend will be busy with a joint or bone for a little longer.
Prohibited bones for dogs
Chicken and fish bones are taboos. Chicken legs and heads belong to the forbidden bones. No dog is able to "grind" them in the mouth into safe dust. The dog takes the bone, crushes it slightly and swallows it. It is further processed in the stomach.
The sharp edges of the tubular bones of birds can pierce the intestines. The accumulation of a large number of bone fragments creates the risk of a dense cork. In both cases, the animal is shown an operation – this increases the chances of saving a life.
If the dog ate the "forbidden" bone
Accidentally grab the chicken bone of a dog can for a walk. Sometimes a company can offer a bone to an animal without asking permission of the owners. What to do in this case and whether it is possible to somehow prevent the problem with the intestines – first of all, do not worry. The “cork” of bones or intestinal perforation with a sharp edge does not occur in all cases. To reduce the risk of an undesirable situation, it is worth:
- Plant a dog for 3-4 days on a light diety Fractional feeding with liquid food will help not overload the intestines. This will create optimal conditions for the release of bones.
- Add more movement. Active walks – a means to improve intestinal motility. But the game until you drop undesirable.
- Give the petroleum jelly. 2-3 ml with an interval of 12 hours for a miniature dog, 5-8 for a small dog, 10-12 for an average dog, and 20-25 for a very large one, will lubricate the intestinal walls. Bones will now be pushed easier.
But trying to get out of the mouth just grasped the bone is not worth it. Firstly, the dog may grab the owner’s hand in the fight for the snack, and secondly, it will not be possible to pull out the fragmented provocative bone from the mouth. No need to try to induce vomiting in the hope that the bone is evacuated from the stomach. The risk of sphincter and esophagus injuries is very high.
3-4 days of waiting are indicative. If during this time the dog that ate the bone retained its vivacity and appetite, then consider that the danger has passed.
Dangerous is regular feeding dogs bones. The risk of the formation of a “plug” of bone fragments increases several times.
How to understand that the bone caused harm to the digestive tract
The first thing a dog does is refuse food. Unwillingness to eat is a satellite of many health problems. In case of damage to the intestinal bones, there are other symptoms.
- Refuses to move;
- Whining with pressure on the belly;
- Not able or not trying to get up;
- It becomes "bloated";
- Feels nauseous or has urge to vomit;
It is dangerous when the symptoms are preceded by diarrhea with blood. This suggests damage to the inner walls of the intestine. Delaying a visit to the doctor can cost the life of an animal.
What should be done:
- Build a dog stretcher. It is not necessary to force the animal to go or to carry it on your hands. This can increase pain or damage from sticking bones.
- Call veterinary clinics and find out who can, if necessary, perform an urgent operation to remove foreign bodies from the intestines. Alas, especially in the provinces, not all doctors do the surgery.
- Deliver the animal to the clinic or call a doctor at home. The bill is already on the clock.
Bones in the intestines can be found with X-rays with barium. A barium will be poured into the dog’s mouth and several GI tract images will be taken at regular intervals. The substance fills the intestines and stuck bones will be visible on the imprint. The convenience of the method lies in clarity, but there are cases when an x-ray is not used. Palpation and a high degree of reason to assume perforation are reasons to have surgery immediately. If the doctor no longer doubts the diagnosis, then there is no time to wait until the barium passes deeply through the digestive tract.
Difficult surgery takes place with excision of part of the intestine and removal of bones. Puncture of the intestinal wall with acute bone causes feces and peritonitis to enter the abdominal cavity. Often save the animal fails. The owner has to go with his pet a long and expensive recovery period. After take a strict diet for up to a year. Here I would like to offer the owner to weigh the pros and cons of giving the dog bones, in addition to those recommended.
Comparison of the “natural” food – what dogs had before domesticating them or what they continue to receive and homeless animals these days – and the pet’s diet cannot be compared. The main reason is the purpose of the dog in nature. There is no goal – to preserve the health and life of the animal. In nature, a dog is a link in the food chain: eating small predators and losing strength from a disease or injury to the intestines with their bones, a wild dog becomes food for other animals. The owner of a home friend, trying to give him love and care, does not accept such an alignment. Do not equate domesticated family members with the natural element of nature.