There is an incontestable, written at the cost of hundreds of lives, the rule that dogs should not be given chicken bones! However, the bitter experience of owners who have lost their pets, does not affect so many four-legged fans. The loving owner "pampers" the dog, harming the health of the ward and refuses to admit it. The situation is scandalous, but as practice shows, the harm to a beloved pet is caused by ignorance, which, however, does not imply responsibility for what has been done.
The bones of the bird in the dog’s diet are a mortal danger!
Never, under any circumstances, give dogs the tubular bones of chicken and any other bird! If you want to personally verify the danger of such a treat – hit the bone of a chicken leg with a hammer for chops, and then try using your finger how sharp the pieces are. Chicken bones are dangerous for dogs, if your pet is lucky, it will suffer only from intestinal obstruction, but the result can be fatal! Of the possible consequences of eating the bones of the bird, can be identified:
- Oral injuries, chipped teeth, pulpitis – these are the minimum negative consequences. The oral mucosa is usually restored within 12–24 hours. Pulpitis leads to severe pain and can result in the loss of both the patient and the nearby growing teeth.
- Injuries to the pharynx and trachea – leads to acute pain, and during tissue perforation, to severe bleeding. If the dog is not delivered to the veterinarian in time, injury can lead to death due to asphyxiation or blood loss.
- Perforation of the stomach or intestines – leads to bleeding, with severe perforation – to the outpouring of the stomach or feces into the abdominal cavity. Extremely dangerous condition leading to sepsis and death of the animal. The only chance for salvation is an emergency operation.
- Perforation or blockage of the colon – consequences of blockage of the digestive tract and swelling of the peritoneum, to death from intoxication or heavy bleeding. With the formation of cork in the large intestine, treatment begins with oil enemas. If the condition does not improve, the dog is operated on. At perforation of the intestine, an urgent operation is performed, dead tissue is excised, and healthy ones are sutured.
Important! If you know that the dog ate chicken bones, be sure to monitor its condition, but better, take the pet to the veterinary clinic! The effects of intestinal or stomach perforation may not be immediately apparent.
Bones of birds allowed for inclusion in the dog’s diet
If you get acquainted with the canine aids of the USSR, you can find a recommendation about feeding the dog whole bird carcasses. We will not dispute the experience of experts, but today such recommendations are not relevant for a number of reasons. However, this does not mean that the chicken should not be present in the dog’s diet. Permissible uses for chicken include:
- Cooking broth on chicken carcasses, if the bones are removed before adding cereal and vegetables. By the way, for broth, chicken skin is considered a more negative ingredient, especially if you are buying factory-made poultry.
- Chicken cartilage added to porridge during cooking.
- Raw chicken necks, slaughtered to the state of stuffing.
- All offal of poultry, except for heads and paws.
Important! Even approved poultry products should not be fed to dogs in their natural form. A working dog should not associate the bird with food, otherwise it will spoil the carcass at the time of submission.
The consequences of eating chicken bones by a dog and first aid
So, we found out that feed the dog with chicken bones is impossible, for the sake of its own good. But what if the pet did not ask permission? For example, a dog swallowed a chicken bone found on the street or in a trash can. Naturally, this is a question of education and pet self-control, but its consequences can be very unpleasant.
Important! Particularly dangerous are the boiled tubular and vertebral bones of the bird. When cracking, the heat-treated bones disintegrate into small and sharp fragments, which can be compared to shredded glass.
The first thing to take as an axiom is the relevance of sanity. Even if the dog has eaten chicken bone, it is far from a fact that the pet will have to be rescued. If the ward is young and healthy, the gastric juice will most likely change the bone structure, after which it will come out naturally. Further, for unknown reasons, many owners in a panic make dogs washing their bowels. In fact, when eating bones, the procedure is not only useless, but also dangerous. So, the dog was already worried and ate the chipped bone and you know about it. Your actions should be as follows:
- Watch the dog’s behavior – lethargy and whining, these are bad signs.
- Feed the ward 1–4 spoons (depending on size) of vegetable or linseed oil. The oil envelops the walls of the stomach and intestines, which contributes to the rapid removal of fecal masses and simplify the transport of bone through the digestive tract.
Important! The only case in which conservative care is relevant is the blockage of the large intestine with a stopper of compressed bones. Most often, this problem can be solved by introducing oil into the intestine. However, do not be arrogant, this diagnosis is not made "by eye".
- View the mucous membranes of the mouth – normally, they should be pink or dark, but not gray or bluish. Pale mucous membranes may indicate poisoning (if the dog picked up a bone in the street) or blood loss.
- View the mucous membranes of the eyes and pupils – With pain syndrome, the pupils of the dog become narrower and react poorly to blackout in the room (slowly or not fully expand).
- If you see that dog hurt, It is permissible to prick 1/2 dose of an antispasmodic (for example, No-Shpy), but after the pet you still need an examination by a veterinarian. The whole dose does not prick, because if the bowel perforation already takes place, the peritoneum comes in a tone to reduce bleeding.
- Feel the dog – trembling and constant tone of the peritoneum, these are alarming symptoms.
- Inspect the dog’s peritoneum – bloated belly indicates congestion of gas. In this case, fetid belching may occur. Without delay, go to the doctor, you have at your disposal hours, or even minutes.
- Measure your pet’s body temperature – A drop in temperature indicates blood loss.
- Inspect the anus – Normally, the sphincter should be clean, dry, without scratches or cracks. Excretion of mucus or blood indicates a bowel injury. If the sphincter looks convex, and you have repeatedly given the dog bone, it is necessary to eliminate the blockage of the large intestine.
- If the dog has vomiting – Do not give antiemetic drugs, and immediately go to the doctor. Most likely, you are dealing with poisoning, eating too large bones or blockage of the intestines.
Note! One of the signs of intestinal or stomach perforation is blood in the feces. A symptom may indicate another ailment – a violation of the integrity of the intestinal mucosa without a rupture of the intestine. Both diseases are dangerous for the dog, noticing blotches of blood in the stools, be sure to contact the vet, and the visit should not be postponed!