Almost all dogs, without exception, love to gnaw bones, and the owners are happy to buy their cheap meat production waste to their pets. But can dogs be given bones, will they harm the health of animals? We will try to find the answer to this question in today’s article.
Why should a dog gnaw bones
Many owners believe that giving bones to dogs is very helpful. Allegedly, this solid product supports the sharpness of the teeth of animals. But in fact, the bones do not sharpen the dog’s teeth at all, but they can damage the enamel, even tooth breakage is not excluded. So the bones are completely useless? The bones in the dog’s diet have several important tasks:
Brushing teeth from plaque. The animal, gnawing a large femur, removes food particles that are stuck between the teeth, and cleans the accumulated plaque, which is based on bacteria. But it is worth noting that not only the bare bones themselves brush their teeth, but the cartilages that frame the ends of the bones;
In addition, it is important to mention that bones are excellent natural toys for dogs. Many doggies can be long with fun with a bone, without requiring attention from the owner.
What bones for dogs are banned
Veterinarians agree that bones are not the most suitable food for dogs. And that’s why:
Raw pork bones dangerous for dogs with helminth infection. In addition, the meat that will be on such bones, quite fat for dogs;
To give chicken bones dogs also can not. They are small and fragile, so that almost any dog is easily able to swallow them, biting into several sharp debris. These bone fragments can not only injure the digestive tract organs, but also literally lie in the stomach or intestines for years;
Turkey bones very hard and much bigger than chick. They can easily choke the dog or damage the esophagus, stomach or intestines. In general, the tubular bones of any bird for a dog are taboo, the animal may die from internal bleeding;
Bones of goose and duck for dogs banned. First of all, they are rather large, since such a bird is slaughtered in adulthood. And secondly, very sharp, and therefore dangerous. When eating such bones, an animal can easily suffocate if a sharp fragment gets stuck in the respiratory system;
Rabbit bones small and very sharp, and therefore dangerous. They can hurt the tongue and gums of a dog, get stuck in the throat or injure the stomach. The only thing for which such bones are suitable is boiling broth, which can then be added to dog porridge (by the way, you can also cook broth on bird bones);
Fish with bones do not give the dog, even if the bones are very small. They can easily get stuck in the throat, which can lead to breathing difficulties;
Raw bones of dubious quality. Needless to say, bones for dogs should be purchased at specialized points where they carry out a veterinary and sanitary examination. Believe that a stale bone can cause a severe poisoning in a dog, and a bone from a sick animal (for example, anthrax) threatens the dog in general with a fatal outcome;
Boiled bones (more precisely, well boiled) are also quite dangerous, since in the gastrointestinal tract of the dog they are clogged, causing intestinal obstruction. If an animal accidentally swallows a “forbidden”, say, boiled chicken or rabbit bone, it is better to give it some vaseline oil (liquid paraffin) so that an uninvited, sharp “guest” leaves the animal’s digestive system as soon as possible. At 10 kg of dog’s weight should be 0.5 tablespoon of vaseline oil;
In addition to injuries of the gastrointestinal tract, frequent feeding of a dog with bones is fraught with the development of a terrible disease – peritonitis. This is an inflammation of the abdominal cavity, which is often caused by mechanical trauma in the form of injury of the digestive organs by sharp fragments of bones.
What bones can be given to dogs
What bones can not be given to dogs, we found out above. And what can? It is believed that the only acceptable option for an adult animal is round long moslaki, that is, the bones of the thigh of a cow or bull. They are otherwise called sugar bones for the pure white color of their heads, similar to sugar. You can give the dog such bovine bones so that it gnaws and eats cartilage, gnaws the meat, and slightly massages the gums. But for hours, you cannot allow the dog to gnaw Moslak in order to avoid injuring your teeth. The fact is that prolonged contact with a hard surface of the bone leads to the indispensable grinding of teeth. It is best to pamper the dog with bones no more than 1-2 times a month.
Puppies can be under the supervision of the master to eat beef ribs, or rather cartilage and meat that are attached to the bone. Naked rib bones in babies need to be taken away in time.
At what age can a puppy be given bones
Well, if you can feed a dog with bones sometimes, then at what age? Veterinarians believe that the earliest age, when a dog can be treated with a bone, is 3-4 months. And then, provided that the bones are large enough, which the puppy just can not gnaw. When all the hryashiki and meat are eaten, the baby’s bone needs to be taken without regret so that he does not bite off or swallow its sharp fragment. When giving a little puppy a bone, the owner must keep an eye on it.
From the above, this conclusion follows:
The only suitable bones for dogs – beef;
Dogs can only be given bones in the presence of the owner.. It does not matter at what age the animal is: an adult dog or puppy may suffer from acute bone fragments;
It is better to give the dog raw bones, but certainly from a healthy cow.. Do not buy bones in questionable places, even if they are very cheap;
Old stale bones are dangerous (including those that the dog can dig in the ground while walking). They can seriously poison an animal;
Bare bones (without meat and cartilage) absolutely useless. The dog cannot get enough of it or get any nutritional benefits from them. The only advantage of pits without cartilage and meat is that they can be a toy for an animal;
The dog can periodically treat beef bones (once-twice a month), but literally you cannot feed an animal with bones (by any means) every day. Dogs require meat, which is usually very little on the bones;
Bones It is undesirable to give those dogs that have problems with teeth and gums in order to avoid injury. It is also better to discard bones if the animal has problems with the digestive system, for example, with constipation;